Requires sharing salary ranges to applicants and pay scale information to employees, upon request, and submit a more detailed pay data report
On September 27 2022, SB 1162 was signed by California Governor Gavin Newsom. The bill requires employers with more than 15 employees to:
- Make salary ranges available to applicants and employees. Previously employers only had to provide this information to applicants and employees upon request.
- Include a pay scale in all job postings and provide that information to third party vendors posting jobs for the employer.
- Provide the pay scale to current employees upon request (all employers, regardless of size).
- Maintain a record of each employee’s job title and wage rate history throughout their employment and for three years thereafter.
Expanded Pay Data Reporting
Employers with 100 or more employees must report to the state for each establishment “within each job category, for each combination of race, ethnicity, and sex, the median and mean hourly rate." Employers will no longer be required to submit a consolidated report.
This reporting requirement also passes to private employers that retain 100 or more employees, e.g., hired through temporary staffing agencies. This additional report must also disclose the “ownership names of all labor contractors used to supply employees.” The bill does not contain a separate mandate for the labor contractors to collect the “necessary pay data.”
The new obligations take effect on January 1, 2023, with the first pay data reporting deadline of May 10, 2023, and annually thereafter on the second Wednesday of May. The first report will be based on the calendar year 2022 pay data.
The California Civil Rights Department (CRD) may ask the court to impose civil penalties of up to $100 per employer for the first offense for failing to file the required reports or make the required disclosures. For any subsequent failures, the civil penalties may be up to $200 per employee. Aggrieved parties will be able to file a complaint with the Labor Commissioner or a civil action for injunctive relief or other relief as determined by the court.
California will now become the only state to require employers to look at pay practices in a more detailed manner evaluating each combination of race, ethnicity, and sex. The California bill will mean that employers should conduct more in-depth analyses of compensation to ascertain whether certain demographic groups are represented in the higher paying vs. lower paying jobs within the organization.